Dr. Djuwari, Djuwari
Associate Professor at STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia
A Visiting Professor of American University of Sovereign Nations (AUSN)
When referring to the United Nations of Education, Science, Culture Organization (UNESCO), the world has planned education for 2030. It is stated that “Every goal in the 2030 Agenda requires education to empower people with the knowledge, skills, and values to live in dignity, build their lives and contribute to their societies.”
First, it is knowledge. Knowledge is defined as Acquaintance with facts, truths, or principles, as from study or investigation; general erudition (Thesuarus.com). Human beings living in the world should have collected lots of facts. They are facts about their lives. Besides that, human beings must also find truths. All the truths related to the facts they have found.
By having lots of facts about lives and recognized the truths, finally, individuals can get the principles. The principles for their lives and these principles are derived from their continuous investigation. By doing so, individuals are characterized by everything they have observed, investigated based on their own experience. Education should provide these individuals with such facts and truths.
The principles they have learned are unique. All these are accumulated becoming who they are as their general erudition. Individuals living in different natures will have their own principles. They have investigated all the facts in their own natures.
Besides knowledge, the UNESCO for 2030 also allows the people to have skills. When looking at the definition of the term “skill”, it is obviously noted.
Skill is an ability and capacity acquired through deliberate, systematic, and sustained effort to smoothly and adaptively carryout complex activities or job functions involving ideas, which are cognitive skills, things which are technical skills, and/or people, which are interpersonal skills (Oxford Dictionary, 2019).
Skill is related to job functions involving ideas. So, individuals should have cognitive skills. More than that, individuals should also have technical skills as well as interpersonal skills. So, there are many skills: cognitive, technical, and interpersonal. Education should provide people with such skills.
The most important one is the values. Education for the nations should also equip people with values. There are many values such as courage, optimism, and transformation. Thus, education should provide values to their learners. With value education, individuals can become more and more responsible and sensible.
When schools can help learners understand the perspective of life in a better way, they can also lead themselves to a successful life. The ultimate goal is to make every individual a responsible citizen. They have courage, and therefore, they are optimistic. They can continuously be responsible for their society.
Being optimistic and transformative need a good process of education. Learners in schools are from diverse regions with different social and economical backgrounds. With that kind of condition, a good process of education is required. Technological equipment and qualified teachers are complementary prerequisites. When tackling only the national scale, even it is still a big question to have all regions nationally equal. Let alone the global scale throughout the world.
Recently and mostly, all the nations need to have jobs. It is more pragmatic. To have success in life tends to be measured by whether individuals are economically stable. Therefore, to get a job is the ultimate goal, though there are still traits for measuring success in life.
What are the traits for success in life? Timothy A. Judge et al., (1999) found in their research that there are five factors: Big Five personality traits. But, the most interesting is the career success of individuals. Career success is comprised of intrinsic and extrinsic successes. The former is job satisfaction, the latter income, and occupational status.
So, job satisfaction is considered the parameter of an individual’s career success. When an individual is not yet satisfied with his job, he is not considered successful. Job satisfaction is a significant factor. In addition, extrinsic success is related to the social status that is offered by the individual’s job or occupation. When all individuals are completed with both intrinsic and extrinsic successes they can live in society peacefully.
For a short time, schools need to provide their learners with job success. Then, they can provide their learners with other skills and knowledge for developing their competence. This can be done by providing learners with intellectual capacity. By doing so, they can learn independently to get more and more knowledge.
From the perspective above, there are two types of the education system. One is a pure discipline of science and the other is an occupational education system. They can be the best education for all.